The Álvar Fáñez RouteGuadalajara
The Álvar Fáñez route by car or motor car: Álvar Fáñez’s surprise attack through the Henares basin
- Route: From Guadalajara to Castejón de Henares - Villaseca de Henares
- Provinces: Guadalajara
- Kilometres: Approx. 65 km.
- Days recommended: 1 day.
Information you can download on this page
- The tracks on the route in GPX, KMZ and TRK format.
- List of accommodation.
- List of points for obtaining and stamping the Letter of safe conduct.
- List of tourist information offices.
- Tourist brochure (this can be obtained at any of the tourist information offices on the route).Only available in Spanish.
Remember that you can obtain more information about each route at the tourist information offices on the Way of El Cid, including brochures and the Letter of safe conduct.
The Plot: plundering the River Henares basin
This branch route commemorates the famous raid or surprise attack of Álvar Fáñez. According to the Poem, whilst El Cid was laying siege to Castejón, his loyal vassal, accompanied by two hundred knights, plundered the banks of the River Henares, passing through Hita and Guadalajara as far as the gates of Alcalá de Henares. He returned with “herds of cattle and flocks of sheep” and “great quantities of other riches” to provide provisions for El Cid’s needy troops, who immediately set off in a north-easterly direction, heading for Zaragoza via Anguita.
This small branch route takes us through small towns and villages as far as Guadalajara. It is a relatively easy route through the meadows that line the River Badiel, dotted with areas of scrubland and cereal crops. It is also scattered with modest examples of rural Romanesque architecture in Villaseca de Henares, Utande and Muduex. Halfway along the route, the walled town of Hita nestles beneath its imposing castle, evidence of its twofold nature as a monumental town (it has been declared a historic and artistic site) and its literary connections (it is mentioned in the Poem of the Cid and is the birthplace of Arcipreste de Hita).
The route continues as far as Guadalajara – an Arabic name meaning ‘river of stones’. Guadalajara was originally an Andalusian military post close to the Duero boundary. Many of the armies marching from Toledo passed through this point before continuing on their way to Atienza or Medinaceli. Although its landmark monument is the Palace of El Infantado (15th – 16th centuries), it is also home to many medieval monuments such as the bridge built during the caliphate (although few traces remain of the original 10th century construction, as it was rebuilt in the 18th century), several interesting examples of Mudejar architecture and the towers of Alamín and Álvar Fáñez (dating back to the 13th and 14th centuries).
The roads are signposted at crossings and strategic places. For greater convenience, we recommend you take the cycling tourist route guides and the track.
Tips and recommendations
- Remember that the road you are on is also used by cyclists and you might come across a few of them on your journey. Respect them and take great care. Especially when overtaking: keep a safety distance of 1.5 m.
- Get your Letter of safe conduct. The Letter of Safe Conduct is a personalised 'passport' you can have stamped at many towns and villages on the Way of El Cid. You can use it to get discounts of at least 10% in more than 200 places of accommodation and benefit from special offers. It is free and you can apply for it at any of the more than 70 tourist information offices on the route or at the Way of El Cid Consortium.
- Your literary guide. You might think it's unnecessary weight, but for many it is essential: don't forget to take with you a copy of the Poem of The Cid; you will be able to recreate some of its passages on site.
Rev. JGG 02.08.16